Researchers at the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute https://www.marshfieldclinic.org/crc received a $4 million grant from CDC https://www.cdc.gov to study the occurrence and impact of COVID-19 in rural communities.
“This study will help us understand how the new coronavirus is affecting people in the Marshfield area. The findings will contribute to a more effective public health response, not only in central Wisconsin, but also potentially in rural communities elsewhere,” said Huong McLean, PhD, Research Scientist at the Research Institute’s Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Population Health and PI on the study.
The study will actively recruit and follow up to 1,500 people of all ages who live in Marshfield and surrounding areas. Enrollment is by invitation only. Participants will be followed weekly for one year to identify new COVID-19 infections, assess risk factors for infection, and describe the spectrum of COVID-19 illness across the lifespan.
Study participants will report illness symptoms online or by telephone every week for one year. All participants will collect a nose sample if they develop a COVID-19 illness. Since the new coronavirus can cause infection without symptoms, about half of the study participants will collect a nose sample every week even if they are not sick.
Participants will have three scheduled study visits for a blood draw during the first six months. The blood samples will be tested for antibodies to the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) by the University of Wisconsin-Madison to determine how much of the population has had COVID-19.
The goals of the study are to:
- Estimate the rate of new coronavirus infections in a rural community
- Find out how often people are infected without symptoms
- Understand how infection risk differs by age group
- Compare the immune response in people with symptomatic vs. asymptomatic infection
- Learn more about behaviors that may protect people from getting infected
“We have an outstanding research team and the Marshfield Epidemiologic Study Area is an ideal setting for this type of study,” said Dr. Ed Belongia, Director, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Population Health. “We are happy to see that the CDC recognizes the importance of studying COVID-19 epidemiology in a rural community.”